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Colorado Gazetteer Antlers ~ Aztec Village

Colorado is situated about midway the country north and south, and about two thirds of the distance from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. On the north are Wyoming and Nebraska, on the east Nebraska and Kansas, on the south New Mexico, and Utah on the west. The State is a quadrilateral in shape, its north and south boundaries being respectively the forty-first and thirty-seventh parallels of latitude.

Antlers; post village in Garfield County on the Colorado Midland and the Denver and Rio Grande railroads; altitude, 5,350 feet.

Antonito; creek in Conejos County, a right-hand branch of Rio Conejos, tributary to Rio Grande.

Antonito; post town in Conejos County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; population in 1900, 847; altitude, 7,876 feet.

Anvil; mountain in San Juan County. (Silverton)

Apache; canyon in Las Animas County, tributary to Purgatory River.

Apache; creek in Huerfano County, a left-hand branch of Huerfano River. (Walsenburg)

Apache; post village in Huerfano County. (Walsenburg)

Apache; station in Huerfano County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; altitude, 5,934 feet. (Walsenburg)

Apex; post village in Gilpin County.

Apishapa; bluff in Otero County; altitude, 4,675 feet. (Catlin)

Apishapa; canyon in Las Animas County, through which flows a branch of Apishapa River. (Spanish Peaks)

Apishapa; lava dike in has Animas County; altitude, 6,568 feet. (Spanish Peaks)

Apishapa; post village in Las Animas County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; altitude, 6, 140 feet. (Spanish Peaks)

Apishapa; river in Las Animas, Huerfano, and Otero counties, a right-hand branch of Arkansas River, heading in Spanish Peaks and flowing northeastward to its mouth. It originates in North and South Forks.

Arapahoe County in the northeastern part of the State; bounded on the north by Adams County, on the east by Washington County, on the south by Douglas and Elbert counties, and on the west by Denver and Jefferson counties. The surface consists of rolling plains traversed by dry water courses, the southern tributaries of South Platte River. It is sparsely settled with the exception of the western part, where there are many stations on the great railroads, the Colorado and Southern, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, and the Denver and Rio Grande. The area is 823 square miles. This county having been reduced from 4,723 square miles to its present area, by the formation of Adams and Denver counties and the enlargement of Washington and Yuma counties, since the Census of 1900, it is impossible to give its population or the number of cultivated acres. The county seat is Littleton, a town of about 738 inhabitants in 1900. In 1900 the average magnetic declination was for the eastern part 12° 40' east, and for the western part 13° 25 east. The mean annual rainfall is about 15 inches, and the mean annual temperature 45° to 50°.

Arapahoe; creek in Larimer County, a right-hand branch of Big Grizzly Creek, tributary to North Platte River.

Arapahoe; peak in Front Range on boundary between Grand and Boulder counties; altitude, 13,520 feet.

Arapahoe; station in Cheyenne County on Union Pacific Railroad; altitude, 4,012 feet. (Cheyenne Wells)

Arastra; creek in San Juan County, a left-hand branch of Animas River. (Silverton)

Arastra; post village in San Juan County. (Silverton)

Arboles; post village in Archuleta County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; altitude 6,001 feet.

Arbourville; station in Chaffee County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad.

Arbuckle; gulch in Gilpin County, tributary to North Clear Creek Blackhawk.

Archer; station in Jefferson County on Colorado and Southern Railway Denver.

Archuleta County in the extreme southern part of the State; bounded on the north by Mineral and Hinsdale counties, on the east by Conejos County on the south by New Mexico, and on the west by La Plata County. The county is drained by the upper waters of San Juan River and its branches from the north, the chief of which are Piedra, Mariposa, Blanco, and Navajo rivers. The southern part includes the valley of San Juan River, entering which are narrow valleys from the north separated by spurs rising northward to the San Juan Mountains, in which these streams head. The greatest elevation in the county is Summit Peak, 13,323 feet. The area is 1,209 square miles, of which 10,372 acres, or 1 percent, were under cultivation in 1900. The population in 1900 was 2,117, and of Pagosa Springs, the county seat, 367. In 1900 the average magnetic declination was 14° 20' east. The mean annual rainfall is about 15 inches, and the mean annual temperature 40°. Arctic; station in Jefferson County on Colorado and Southern Railway.

Arctic; station in Jefferson County on Colorado and Southern Railway.

Arden; station in Kiowa County on Missouri Pacific Railway; altitude, 4,055 feet. (Granada)

Arena; creek in Saguache County, a left-hand branch of San Luis Creek.

Arena; station in Chaffee County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; altitude, 7,442 feet.

Arena; station in Cheyenne County on Union Pacific Railroad; altitude, 4,225 feet.

Arena; village in Teller County.

Arequa; gulch in Teller County, tributary to Cripple Creek. (Cripple Creek Special)

Arequa; village in Teller County. (Cripple Creek Special)

Argentine; pass in Front Range, between McClellan Mountains and Grays Peak; altitude, 13,286 feet.

Argentine; post village in Summit County on Colorado and Southern Railway; altitude, 10,589. (Leadville)

Argo; post town in Denver Comity, the site of extensive smelting works on the Colorado and Southern and the Burlington and Missouri River railroads; population in 1900, 443; altitude, 5,206 feet. (Denver)

Argo Junction; station in Denver County on the Colorado and Southern and the Burlington and Missouri River railroads. (Denver)

Arikaree; post village in Washington County.

Arikaree; river in Arapahoe and Adams counties, a right-hand branch of Republican River.

Arkansas River of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma Territory, Indian Territory, and Arkansas; one of the main western branches of Mississippi River, which it joins on the east boundary of Arkansas. The river beads in Tennessee Bass in central Colorado at an altitude of 10,000 feet above the sea; it flows first south in a mountain valley, and then east through a succession of canyons, passing out of the mountains just west of Canyon. Its course is east across the plains through eastern Colorado and Kansas, changing to southeast shortly before entering Oklahoma Territory, and so continuing through that Territory, Indian Territory, and Arkansas. Although its total length is 1,497 miles, with a drainage area of 185,671 square miles, it carries little water between Little Rock, Arkansas, and the western boundary of Kansas, except during times of flood, owing to the fact that the larger part of its drainage basin is within the arid region. Indeed in southern Kansas the stream bed is frequently dry in the late summer. It has many long tributaries, including White, Neosho, Verdigris, Cimarron, and Canadian rivers, lint none except the White brings to it much water; the discharge for 1904 at Canyon was 409,000 acre-feet.

Arkansas; hills in Fremont County, forming the southeastern limit of South Bark and extending to Arkansas River. The summits exceed 11,000 feet in height.

Arkansas; mountain in Boulder County; altitude, 7,700 feet. (Boulder)

Arkansas; mountain in Lake County; altitude, 13,807 feet. (Leadville)

Arkansas Junction; post village in Lake County on Colorado Midland Railway; altitude, 9,678 feet.

Arkansas Valley Junction; station in Lake County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad.

Arkins; post village in Larimer County on Colorado and Southern Railway; altitude, 5,224 feet.

Arlington; post village in Kiowa County on Missouri Pacific Railway; altitude, 4,217 feet. (Las Animas)

Arloa; post village in Montezuma County.

Armel; post village in Yuma County.

Arriba; post village in Lincoln County on Chicago, Lock island and Pacific Railway; altitude, 5,243 feet.

Arriola; village in Montezuma County.

Arrow; peak in San Juan County; altitude, 13,803 feet. (Needle Mountain)

Arrow; post village in Grand County.

Arrow Head; station in Grand Northwestern and Pacific Railway

Arroyo; station in Cheyenne County on Union Pacific Railroad; altitude, 4,563 feet. (Arroyo)

Arthur; village in Pueblo County.

Arthurs; station in Park County on Colorado and Southern Railway; altitude, 9,172 feet.

Arvada; post village in Jefferson County on Colorado and Southern Railway; altitude, 5,330 feet Denver.

Ascalon; station in Cheyenne County on Union Pacific Railroad; altitude, 4,420 feet.

Ash; village in Ouray County.

Ashcroft; post village in Pitkin County. (Aspen)

Ashero; village in Pitkin County.

Ashland; gulch in La Plata County, tributary to La Plata River. (La Plata)

Ashland; post village in Kit Carson County.

Aspen; creek in Gunnison County, right-hand branch of Rock Creek, tributary to Roaring Creek.

Aspen; mining city in Pitkin County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad; population in 1900, 3,303; altitude, 7,943 feet. (Aspen)

Aspen Junction; station in Pitkin County on the Colorado Midland and the Denver and Rio Grande railroads; altitude, 6,600 feet.

Atchee; post village in Garfield County.

Atchison; creek in Montrose County, a right-hand branch of San Miguel River.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway; system extending from Chicago to the Pacific coast; its main line to the west crosses the southeastern part of Colorado, following the valley of Arkansas River, which it leaves at La Junta, bearing southwest to Trinidad, south of which it crosses into New Mexico. An important branch continues up the Arkansas Valley to Pueblo, and thence through Colorado Springs to Denver.

Athol; station on Colorado and Southern Railway; altitude, 6,313 feet.

Atlanta; village in Baca County. (Two Butte)

Atlantic; village in Gunnison County.

Atwood; post village in Logan County on the Union Pacific and the Burlington and Missouri River railroads; altitude, 3,982 feet.

Audubon; mountain in Boulder County; altitude, 13,173 feet.

Augusta; mountain in Gunnison County; altitude, 12,615 feet. (Anthracite)

Ault; post village in Weld County, on Union Pacific Railroad; altitude, 4,941 feet.

Aurora; village in Adams County.

Austin; bluffs in El Paso County; altitude, 6,699 feet. (Colorado Springs)

Austin; post village in Garfield County.

Ava; village in Pitkin County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad,

Avalanche; creek in Pitkin County, a right-hand branch of Rock Creek, tributary to Roaring Creek.

Avalanche; village in Pitkin County on Crystal River Railroad; altitude, 6,934 feet.

Avalo; post village in Weld County.

Avendale; village in Kit Carson County on Denver and Rio Grande Railroad.

Avery; peak in Elk Mountains, Gunnison County; altitude, 12,659 feet. (Crested Butte)

Avoca; village in Adams County.

Avon; post village in Eagle County; altitude, 7,455 feet.

Avondale; post village in Pueblo County, (Nepesta)

Axial; post village in Routt County.

Axial Basin: extensive valley in Routt County, on Yampa River.

Axtell; mountain in Gunnison County; altitude, 12,012 feet. (Anthracite)

Ayer; station in Otero County, on Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway; altitude, 4,574 feet.

Aylmer; post village in Las Animas County. Railroad name, Bowen.

Ayr; small village in Prowers County. (Two Butte)

Aztec; gulch in Dolores County, tributary to East Delores River. (Rico)

Aztec; mountain in La Plata County. (Needle Mountains)

Aztec; spring in Montezuma County.

Aztec Spring; creek in Montezuma County, a right-hand branch of Rio Mancos, tributary to San Juan River.

Aztec Village; old town in Montezuma County.

Source: United States Geological Survey, by Henry Gannett, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey of Colorado, Charles D. Walcott. Director, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1906.

Colorado Gazetteer

 

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